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Crop & Livestock Production – Industry Analysis, Statistics, Trends, and Forecasts

SIC 0100  |  NAICS 110000

The following guide to industry research and analysis provides sources for industry statistics, trends, and forecasts, financial ratios, salary surveys, and more.

See the following sections listed below to view available resources by category:

For guides to other industries, see our index of over 400 industries.

Industry Analysis, Statistics, Trends, and Forecasts

Animal Production / Beef, Chicken, Egg, Dairy, Pork, Sheep & Turkey  (view reports)
Crop Farming / Corn, Wheat, Soybean, Vegetable, Fruit, Nut & Cotton  (view reports)
Comprehensive industry research reports provide in-depth industry analysis and five-year forecasts, with special focus on the underlying structure and external forces and relationships that affect industries and their performance. Topics addressed in the reports include:
Sample industry research report and selected industry statistics including market size, five-year average growth rate, number of businesses, and total employment are available free online.

Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Market News

Market news section features reports that provide information on price, volume, and market conditions for various farm commodities, with product categories covered by these reports including cotton; dairy and milk products; fruits, vegetables, and specialty crops; organic foods; livestock, poultry, eggs, and grains; and local and regional foods. Reports are categorized by product and are available free online.

National Agricultural Statistics Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Statistics

Comprehensive annual publication provides detailed statistical data covering various aspects of farm operations, with topics covered in individual chapters including major crop categories; livestock, dairy, and poultry; farm resources, income, and expenses; stabilization and price support programs; and insurance, credit, and cooperatives. Current and past editions of this report are available free online.

Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Resources available from this organization include:

Farm Economy
Economic section covers the financial and economic aspects of farm operations, with topics covered in various reports including long-run agricultural baseline projections, agricultural productivity, commodity outlook, farm and commodity policy, farm structure and organization, income and finances, federal tax issues, household well-being, and land use, value, and tenure. All reports are accessible free online.

Commodity Outlook
Monthly reports analyze supply, demand, price, and trade activity for various agricultural commodities, with products covered in individual reports including wheat; feed grains (e.g., corn, sorghum, barley); rice; oil crops; vegetables and pulses (e.g., dry beans, dry peas, lentils); fruit and tree nuts; sugar and sweeteners; livestock, dairy, and poultry; and cotton and wool. All reports can be viewed free online.

Office of the Chief Economist, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Long-term Agricultural Projections

Comprehensive annual report provides long-term projections for the agricultural sector over the next
decade, with categories covered in the report including crops (e.g., corn, wheat, soybeans, sorghum, barley, oats, rice, and upland cotton), livestock (e.g., beef, pork, veal, lamb, and mutton), poultry (e.g., broilers, turkeys, and other chickens), and total farm receipts, production expenses, and net income.

Market Analysis

Market analysis report provides industry statistics for a user-defined area on a national, state, county, metro area, or zip code level, with data provided including number of companies, market volume and sales trends, average company sales, sales per employee, staffing and employment trends, average employee wage, and business start up activity and failure rates. Sample report can be viewed online.

More Resources
For more industry research reports and other resources, see the following resource guide.

Financial Statements and Financial Ratios

Industry Financial Ratios
Crop and Livestock Production  Search for "11" to see reports for specific products
Five-year financial statement analysis reports provide income statements, balance sheets, and key industry financial ratios for companies of all sizes, with financial data available by sales size range on a national, state, and metropolitan area level including:
Sample reports on a national and metropolitan area level are available free online.

Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Sector Income & Finances

Various reports included in this section analyze the financial performance of the U.S. farm sector and major crop and livestock farm groups on a historical and prospective basis, with topics covered in the reports including value of production for selected crops and livestock, production expenses by major category, stakeholder payments, and net return to equity owners. All reports are available free online.

Animal and Crop Production
(see links for individual reports)

Financial benchmarking section of these reports provides an analysis of income and expenses as a percentage of revenue for agricultural producers, with farm operations covered in individual reports including grain farming, fruit and tree nut farming, oilseed farming, vegetable farming, cotton farming, beef cattle production, hog farming, chicken and turkey production, egg production, and dairy farms.

Compensation and Salary Surveys

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Crop and Animal Production

Annual wage survey provides hourly and annual wage data for personnel employed in farming activities on a national, state, and metro area basis, with job categories covered in the survey including farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers; first-line supervisors of farmworkers; agricultural inspectors, animal breeders; graders and sorters; agricultural equipment operators; and farmworkers and laborers.

National Agricultural Statistics Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Labor Survey

Semiannual survey provides hourly wage data for all workers directly hired by U.S. farms and ranches on a national and regional basis, with hourly wage data reported by type of worker (e.g., field, livestock, and combined), geographic region, state (California, Florida, Hawaii), types of products produced (e.g., field crops, other crops, and livestock and poultry), and farm size based on gross value of annual sales.

Business Valuation Resources

Private company sales transaction data for over 800 industries.

Related Industries:
Dairy Products Manufacturers
Farm Machinery and Equipment Dealers
Grain and Flour Mills
Meat and Poultry Processing


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