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Agricultural Crop and Livestock Production

SIC 0100 | NAICS 110000


The following guide to market research and industry analysis provides sources for industry trends and statistics, financial ratios, salary surveys, and more.



For guides to other industries, see our index.





Industry Analysis, Trends, Statistics, and Forecasts



Animal Production / Beef, Chicken, Egg, Dairy, Pork, Sheep & Turkey  (view reports)
Crop Farming / Corn, Wheat, Soybean, Vegetable, Fruit, Nut & Cotton  (view reports)

Comprehensive market research reports provide in-depth industry analysis and five-year forecasts, with special focus on the underlying structure and external forces and relationships that affect industries and their performance. Report contents include:

  • Market size and characteristics
  • Key statistics and ratios
  • Current performance
  • Operating conditions
  • Competitive landscape
  • Major companies
  • Five-year growth forecast


Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Market News
https://www.ams.usda.gov/

Market news section features reports that provide information on price, volume, and market conditions for various farm commodities, with product categories covered by these reports including cotton; dairy and milk products; fruits, vegetables, and specialty crops; organic foods; livestock, poultry, eggs, and grains; and local and regional foods. Reports are categorized by product and are available free online.



Crop Production / Grain Farming / Fruit & Tree Nut Farming
Oilseed Farming / Vegetable & Melon Farming / Farm Support Services
Animal Production / Cattle Ranching / Hog & Pig Farming

http://www.firstresearch.com

First Research profiles cover key aspects of an industry's size, scope, and operations, and include a five-year revenue growth forecast. Profile contents include:

  • Industry overview
  • Recent developments
  • Critical issues and challenges
  • Business trends and opportunities
  • Executive insights
  • Financial benchmarking data
  • Five-year growth forecast


National Agricultural Statistics Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Statistics
http://nass.usda.gov/

Comprehensive annual publication provides detailed statistical data covering various aspects of farm operations, with topics covered in individual chapters including major crop categories; livestock, dairy, and poultry; farm resources, income, and expenses; stabilization and price support programs; and insurance, credit, and cooperatives. Current and past editions of this report are available free online.


Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Information resources available from this organization include:

Farm Economy
http://www.ers.usda.gov/
Economic section covers the financial and economic aspects of farm operations, with topics covered in various reports including long-run agricultural baseline projections, agricultural productivity, commodity outlook, farm and commodity policy, farm structure and organization, income and finances, federal tax issues, household well-being, and land use, value, and tenure. All reports are accessible free online.

Commodity Outlook
http://www.ers.usda.gov/
Monthly reports analyze supply, demand, price, and trade activity for various agricultural commodities, with products covered in individual reports including wheat; feed grains (e.g., corn, sorghum, barley); rice; oil crops; vegetables and pulses (e.g., dry beans, dry peas, lentils); fruit and tree nuts; sugar and sweeteners; livestock, dairy, and poultry; and cotton and wool. All reports can be viewed free online.


Office of the Chief Economist, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Long-term Agricultural Projections
https://www.usda.gov/

Comprehensive annual report provides long-term projections for the agricultural sector over the next
decade, with categories covered in the report including crops (e.g., corn, wheat, soybeans, sorghum, barley, oats, rice, and upland cotton), livestock (e.g., beef, pork, veal, lamb, and mutton), poultry (e.g., broilers, turkeys, and other chickens), and total farm receipts, production expenses, and net income.




Financial Benchmarking Data



Industry Financial Ratios
Crop and Livestock Production
https://www.bizminer.com  Search for "11" to see reports for specific products

Five-year financial statement analysis includes income statements, balance sheets, and key financial ratios, with data available by sales size range on a national, state, and metro area level.

  • Income and expense detail in dollars and percentages
  • Balance sheets in dollars and percentages
  • Cash flow analysis
  • Liquidity and working capital ratios
  • Profitability and return on investment ratios
  • Asset turnover and efficiency ratios
  • Capital structure and debt service ratios


Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Sector Income & Finances
http://www.ers.usda.gov/

Various reports included in this section analyze the financial performance of the U.S. farm sector and major crop and livestock farm groups on a historical and prospective basis, with topics covered in the reports including value of production for selected crops and livestock, production expenses by major category, stakeholder payments, and net return to equity owners. All reports are available free online.


IBISWorld
Animal and Crop Production
(see links for individual reports)

Financial benchmarking section of these reports provides an analysis of income and expenses as a percentage of revenue for agricultural producers, with farm operations covered in individual reports including grain farming, fruit and tree nut farming, oilseed farming, vegetable farming, cotton farming, beef cattle production, hog farming, chicken and turkey production, egg production, and dairy farms.


More Resources ››



Compensation Surveys


U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Crop and Animal Production
https://www.bls.gov/oes/

Annual wage survey provides hourly and annual wage data for personnel employed in farming activities on a national, state, and metro area basis, with job categories covered in the survey including farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers; first-line supervisors of farmworkers; agricultural inspectors, animal breeders; graders and sorters; agricultural equipment operators; and farmworkers and laborers.


National Agricultural Statistics Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Labor Survey
http://nass.usda.gov/

Semiannual survey provides hourly wage data for all workers directly hired by U.S. farms and ranches on a national and regional basis, with hourly wage data reported by type of worker (e.g., field, livestock, and combined), geographic region, state (California, Florida, Hawaii), types of products produced (e.g., field crops, other crops, and livestock and poultry), and farm size based on gross value of annual sales.


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Business Valuation Resources








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